How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

SmarterEveryDay
24 174 Vaatamised 2,4 mln
Teadus ja tehnoloogia

Go to buyraycon.com/smarter for 15% off your order. Brought to you by Raycon. Click here if you're interested in subscribing: bit.ly/Subscribe2SED
The absolute best way to help the channel is by supporting Smarter Every Day on Patreon: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
⇊ Click below for more links! ⇊
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Tweet Ideas to me at:
smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day on Patreon
www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day On Instagram
smartereveryday
Smarter Every Day SubReddit
www.reddit.com/r/smartereveryday
Ambiance, audio and musicy things by: Gordon McGladdery
www.ashellinthepit.com/
ashellinthepit.bandcamp.com/
If you feel like this video was worth your time and added value to your life, please SHARE THE VIDEO!
If you REALLY liked it, feel free to pitch in and support Smarter Every Day by becoming a Patron: www.patreon.com/smartereveryday
Warm Regards,
Destin

Kommentaarid

  1. SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay
    5 päeva tagasi

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    1. Stan Ervin
      Stan Ervin
      22 tundi tagasi

      @Ahmad the newb By everybody in the sub.

    2. Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
      Dan Quayles ITS SPELT POTATOE!
      22 tundi tagasi

      THEY DONT MAKE OXYGEN!

    3. Whogives Afuck
      Whogives Afuck
      Päev tagasi

      Wouldn't 'Let's go get smarter together' or 'today' or something of the likes be a bit more appropriate, due to it being an instance of becoming smarter rather than a culmination of instances at once? I feel like 'let's go get smarter every day' for one specific instance of becoming smarter is a bit misplaced and misnomed in comparison, and leads to a moment of awkwardness in my mind; as if it's advice, rather than a welcoming invitation. Maybe it's a solo perception, but here's to hoping this mention of insight can provide some benefit. Cheers, Destin.

    4. Johnny's Videos
      Johnny's Videos
      Päev tagasi

      What resin and orientation did you use to make the electrolysis thing?

    5. majormastrsss
      majormastrsss
      Päev tagasi

      @SmarterEveryDay hello I love your vids

  2. Debraj Deb
    Debraj Deb
    4 tundi tagasi

    Why Mr. Dow from Ohio carries so many pens? And why left shift pocket is mirror image of the right one?

  3. ꧁꧂
    ꧁꧂
    4 tundi tagasi

    U-boat does not like xxl people

  4. Shanna Shenna
    Shanna Shenna
    4 tundi tagasi

    The noisy tsunami excitingly identify because banana extracellularly explain apud a second-hand anger. impartial, cute area

  5. Tran Thien hung
    Tran Thien hung
    4 tundi tagasi

    The clammy dimple clinically chew because box compatibly expect before a tawdry hemp. lyrical, wanting index

  6. Center 4 Nerds
    Center 4 Nerds
    4 tundi tagasi

    so interesting fact oxygen candles are how a lot of emergency oxygen systems in airplanes work!

  7. Oakstrom
    Oakstrom
    4 tundi tagasi

    Aux MMs... I own everything lol.. Talk to a Nuke, they're the real ones! (Edit: They wouldn't be called Auxiliary MMs if they were primary)

  8. John-Patrick McNown
    John-Patrick McNown
    4 tundi tagasi

    "Lunar lander".....hahaha

  9. W. James Hamel
    W. James Hamel
    4 tundi tagasi

    This was straight up mesmerizing.

  10. Jim Tyler
    Jim Tyler
    4 tundi tagasi

    👍

  11. Jason Perry
    Jason Perry
    4 tundi tagasi

    Man... this aint your grandpa's sub...

  12. Nathan Levesque
    Nathan Levesque
    5 tundi tagasi

    So the waste byproduct of the candle is salty rust?

  13. Justin La Plante
    Justin La Plante
    5 tundi tagasi

    They DO NOT send all of the hydrogen overboard. lol. What do you think they are cooking with in the galley and for emergency power? I don't understand why they keep trying to keep that a secret. They talked about it openly on season 2 of mail bag. OBVIOUSLY you arent going to waste a perfectly good source of compressed hydrogen and just dump all of it back in the ocean.

  14. kainen mattison
    kainen mattison
    5 tundi tagasi

    I miss being on submarines

  15. Jeremy
    Jeremy
    5 tundi tagasi

    Your videos are so great, especially when you interact with people at their daily jobs like this. Your genuine interesting in learning and fascination with the technology catch a lot of them off guard, they may think it's boring or no big deal but once they are in the video and see how much other people want to know they get excited too. Thank you Destin, for your channel and your personality.

  16. Greg Hachey
    Greg Hachey
    5 tundi tagasi

    Everybody knows that submarines can surface every once in a while so everyone onboard can take another breath and hold it again.

  17. Jacob
    Jacob
    5 tundi tagasi

    Then in theory you could track it by co2. What measures do they have against that? Or is that not realistic

  18. All In One
    All In One
    5 tundi tagasi

    can i dub it and post in my channel?plz reply

  19. Adam Robottom
    Adam Robottom
    5 tundi tagasi

    8:12 Don't skip the meaty technical stuff! 😧

  20. Chris
    Chris
    5 tundi tagasi

    I love how military personnel address people with 'sir' or 'ma'am'. I wish everybody in society was as polite, we could avoid so many problems if people just treat each other with respect.

  21. Gene Auber
    Gene Auber
    5 tundi tagasi

    navy people are so different than the rest of the armed forces.

  22. Tom Goffnett
    Tom Goffnett
    5 tundi tagasi

    This was way more complicated than I wanted it to be. All of these guys are sooo intelligent. Mad respect to them. Thank you for the excellent video.

  23. Cristos Lee
    Cristos Lee
    5 tundi tagasi

    just put a plant and light, thank me later

  24. HighFlyin Patriot
    HighFlyin Patriot
    5 tundi tagasi

    If you got smarter everyday, you would not believe that a lunar lander ever landed on the moon.

  25. evil Bunny
    evil Bunny
    5 tundi tagasi

    isn't cams just to detect fires ;) it is kinda to shutdown vents ... to stop fires and in a bad case get some people choking ... casualties like that are the worst I guess

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      4 tundi tagasi

      No.

  26. Mike Master of none
    Mike Master of none
    5 tundi tagasi

    That’s cool i worked at an oil field Amine plant. We use it to remove H2S and CO2 out of the natural gas. I never knew that had one on a submarine. Crazy.

  27. Josh Jepsen
    Josh Jepsen
    5 tundi tagasi

    I was surprised when the guy said about the solidified ash left behind "they call them clinkers, I don't know why" it's because sometimes when conditions are right in a wood stove some of the ash almost glassifies and the chunks clink in the bucket when you clean out the ash. Really cool, I've heard about oxygen candles but never saw one in action.

  28. Jerame Goodman
    Jerame Goodman
    6 tundi tagasi

    E-5 mafia 🤙🏼

  29. kentarouification
    kentarouification
    6 tundi tagasi

    The candle striker is a Nine inch nail? Metal.

  30. CallMeBronco
    CallMeBronco
    6 tundi tagasi

    answering questions I didn't even think of; excellent channel!

  31. Dilligaf
    Dilligaf
    6 tundi tagasi

    We do not breath oxygen but air , 78% nitrogen , 21% oxygen , 1% other gases. Medical oxygen, 99% oxygen, is however considered as a drug or pharmaceutical product .

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      4 tundi tagasi

      The nitrogen is already in the air. It’s not consumer and therefore doesn’t need replenishment.

  32. Rj Oreilly
    Rj Oreilly
    6 tundi tagasi

    The malicious second cumulatively love because credit visually analyse within a short brochure. flawless, left trick

  33. Brady Johns
    Brady Johns
    6 tundi tagasi

    In the construction world it is a common thing for most people to say driving on frost causes it to freeze deeper into the ground. Would love to know if driving on it is the direct cause or if compaction of soil lowering the r value is the cause for it to go deeper?

  34. Joseph Tischer
    Joseph Tischer
    6 tundi tagasi

    Think of the pre heater for the MEA as a progressive heater that allows the mixture to come up to temp faster.

  35. CandynoseTwinskins
    CandynoseTwinskins
    6 tundi tagasi

    So many uses for 9 inch nails haha

  36. Fullgrizzly94
    Fullgrizzly94
    6 tundi tagasi

    If I had to guess, the pre-heater before the MEA boiler is to heat the MEA faster so less energy can be used in the boiler section, which might also save time. Because the liquid is moving through the heated pipe section, they can make use of convection and not have to wait on the convection flow within the tank.

  37. Xen Xander
    Xen Xander
    7 tundi tagasi

    Class Delta Fire.. Makes its own oxygen.. burns underwater.. Yeah it's .. neigh impossible to really put those out.

  38. Peege Clarke
    Peege Clarke
    7 tundi tagasi

    yo ! could I get one of those in my apt please ! this is here to show rich people how to oxygenate their bunkers just. before they nuke us. nice.

  39. Joe Orton
    Joe Orton
    7 tundi tagasi

    Thanks for the information I always thought subs had an iron lung

  40. Joshua Linker
    Joshua Linker
    7 tundi tagasi

    Pay close attention. Dow is the smartest guy on the ship.

  41. Peege Clarke
    Peege Clarke
    7 tundi tagasi

    (15:00) Nuclear Sub's can't run without 9 inch nails? EXCELLENT ! *diddleedoodiddleedoodiddleedoo!

  42. SEMPER FI
    SEMPER FI
    7 tundi tagasi

    I love watching and learning all the wicked coolness you teach!!!--- But I still feel the Franks and Beans of me😉🇺🇲👍👍 LOVE YOUR CHANNEL...

  43. theotful
    theotful
    7 tundi tagasi

    Giving away our secrets

  44. Jorge Alvarez
    Jorge Alvarez
    7 tundi tagasi

    So how do they get rid of hydrogen gas?

  45. Tim Ocmand
    Tim Ocmand
    7 tundi tagasi

    Destin is for sure a spy.

  46. Zachary Heiner
    Zachary Heiner
    7 tundi tagasi

    Not sure why I'm here. I was just moved to working on nuclear subs in the shipyard, why am I looking at them when I'm home. :o I blame your sultry, excited-to-learn voice, Destin.

  47. Petunia On Da Beat
    Petunia On Da Beat
    7 tundi tagasi

    its crazy that those candles were used in WW2 u-boats and im assuming other subs and its still used today, wild.

  48. Spookay It's Me
    Spookay It's Me
    7 tundi tagasi

    It's called a clinker because The word was passed on from UK submariners - original clinker bricks are bricks of clay made kinda shiny brittle and/or vitrified during a firing that exposes the brick to very excessive heat. Real/actual building clinkers are/were commonly used in the UK for building homes, to add historic looking appeal. People still use them to build homes that they want that certain aesthetic - it (more) often does from people using reclaimed clinkers now, as they aren't made very often anymore..... Phew, that's probably a bit too much info. But there you go, in short: a clinker is just a brick exposed to very very high heat.

  49. InternetStudiesGuy
    InternetStudiesGuy
    7 tundi tagasi

    So why don't they use a couple plants and shine some light on them? They tried it in a russian closed atmospherics experiment and the problem was the plants grew and quickly produced too much O2, causing a fire hazard, so they had to start burning plants to remove some of the excess O2. But with some good controls and experienced operators it should be perfectly feasible.

  50. Saphro Syn
    Saphro Syn
    8 tundi tagasi

    Can’t you just take the oxygen from the water

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      4 tundi tagasi

      There is not enough gaseous oxygen just dissolve in the liquid water to replenish the oxygen in the air.

  51. Michael Robison
    Michael Robison
    8 tundi tagasi

    Why is this a half-hour long video

  52. Spookay It's Me
    Spookay It's Me
    8 tundi tagasi

    Dow doesn't seem to like talking much... Getting info from him is almost akin to pulling teeth!

  53. herbert164
    herbert164
    8 tundi tagasi

    i noticed you seemed a bit confused as to why the mea system used a preheater. I am fairly certain it has to do with gas retention. Hotter liquids retain less gasses than cooler ones.

  54. The_Rogue12
    The_Rogue12
    8 tundi tagasi

    "Why don't subs run out of air" 😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳😳

  55. Seraph Starman
    Seraph Starman
    8 tundi tagasi

    Go navy

  56. hoah
    hoah
    8 tundi tagasi

    I have a better idea. Long tube. You’re welcome

  57. John Mack
    John Mack
    8 tundi tagasi

    Dow is from Southern Ohio. That part of the world seems to have very little annunciation. I work in that area quite a bit and it takes a good deal of time to pick out the dialect. I hear what he is saying as words but cannot discern where one word starts and ends. Dustin says "say it slower"..."no slower" and you still cannot pick it out...lol wicked smaaaart kid though

  58. hilldwler 420
    hilldwler 420
    8 tundi tagasi

    Better living thru chemistry

  59. Adam B
    Adam B
    9 tundi tagasi

    I always like your videos!

  60. Steve Lux
    Steve Lux
    9 tundi tagasi

    And just a few years a go a Submariner went to prison for taking a few unclassified photos.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      4 tundi tagasi

      These videos are reviewed, vetted and released. Therefore, authorized.

    2. Chris A
      Chris A
      8 tundi tagasi

      Steve, you have a good point. The Sailor should be pardoned.

  61. Dark Lake
    Dark Lake
    9 tundi tagasi

    Finally another video from this series. Cool stuff :)

  62. Arch Angel Gabriel
    Arch Angel Gabriel
    9 tundi tagasi

    You got to go on a an operation sub. Way cool.

  63. kkcsak ndclon
    kkcsak ndclon
    9 tundi tagasi

    The spicy diploma virtually divide because font histochemically glue per a naive clef. plant, harmonious shoe

  64. Tony
    Tony
    9 tundi tagasi

    I can't even imagine a submarine crew with only women. I can't imagine how they would live in there for months, they would go crazy I think. Because there is no social aspect to this life, its just wake up do your practical job, repeat. I might be wrong of course

  65. Syllabaphet J
    Syllabaphet J
    9 tundi tagasi

    Prediction before I watch the video: starting with H2O2 and breaking it down to H20 and O2. Edit: I didn't think of electrolysis, and I didn't even know oxygen candles existed.

  66. Sneaky Cobra
    Sneaky Cobra
    9 tundi tagasi

    Recycling farts ♻️

  67. Steve Baumgartner
    Steve Baumgartner
    9 tundi tagasi

    Honors to the Navy Sub Guys! Thanks.

  68. kkcsak ndclon
    kkcsak ndclon
    9 tundi tagasi

    The late impulse immuhistochemically change because property currently irritate via a acid eyeliner. bouncy, friendly trunk

  69. MrDekuFPS
    MrDekuFPS
    9 tundi tagasi

    How long can you use the water to produce oxygen? What is done with the water afterwards.

    1. Eddie J. G.
      Eddie J. G.
      4 tundi tagasi

      The water doesn’t exist afterwards. We get O2 and H2 gasses and discharge the H2 overboard.

  70. John Knox
    John Knox
    9 tundi tagasi

    clinker is term of making coke :or stony matter fused together, great video

  71. Mississippi Mud Team
    Mississippi Mud Team
    9 tundi tagasi

    you should do a video of UFOs and the reverse engineering of them?

  72. kkcsak ndclon
    kkcsak ndclon
    9 tundi tagasi

    The rough chocolate impressively possess because armadillo perplexingly obtain until a optimal population. dapper, thoughtful bugle

  73. Mark
    Mark
    9 tundi tagasi

    Can you please sell 6 of these to Australia, we order 6 but will take something like 30years to get them. From the France, bad deal.

  74. Dave B
    Dave B
    10 tundi tagasi

    did anyone else catch to pause blooper near the end at 27:27 - 27:29 watch the rocket over his shoulder at top right , can tell he paused, one of a few spots i noticed

  75. o0Avalon0o
    o0Avalon0o
    10 tundi tagasi

    Thank you for the detailed subtitles! Lip reading can be extremely difficult in changing lighting conditions.

  76. o0Avalon0o
    o0Avalon0o
    10 tundi tagasi

    I met a woman in college that worked on a submarine. She was a hoot to be around & the class loved her. When we all met, someone asked why she came to a community college. She said "I like the people, I like learning & it's really affordable."

  77. nebutch
    nebutch
    10 tundi tagasi

    Wow they use Nine Inch Nails to light candles when they're low on oxygen. Metal AF.

  78. o0Avalon0o
    o0Avalon0o
    10 tundi tagasi

    22:33 Seriously, nobody is talking about that perfect pour? The bubbles man.

  79. Slag1sh
    Slag1sh
    10 tundi tagasi

    That aint the A-gang i remember. Ring the bell they said.

  80. GoldeNLemonZ
    GoldeNLemonZ
    10 tundi tagasi

    It's almost Rocket sceince😆🤣😅

  81. o0Avalon0o
    o0Avalon0o
    10 tundi tagasi

    As another great man of science says, "Science rules."

  82. o0Avalon0o
    o0Avalon0o
    10 tundi tagasi

    That screen reminds me of one of the few times I got to work in a pre 2000 dev environment. I love minimalist programming. The results are instant.

  83. Joseph S
    Joseph S
    10 tundi tagasi

    Clinker is probably a reference to the slag you get when turning ore into metal.

  84. DuBCraft21
    DuBCraft21
    10 tundi tagasi

    I bet you those are called clinkers because they are similar to the clinkers blacksmiths make when burning coke or coal as fuel in a forge. They look so much like giant cylindrical versions of the clinkers that come from forges.

  85. A Schlierf
    A Schlierf
    10 tundi tagasi

    CAMS tech knowledge: CAMS runs by mass spectrometry and infrared absorption, the best way to explain it is like a coin sorter.

    1. Kurt Fehlman
      Kurt Fehlman
      6 tundi tagasi

      Oh

  86. Jay
    Jay
    10 tundi tagasi

    2:49 That's what the c in cams stand for...

  87. Heccin Paragon
    Heccin Paragon
    10 tundi tagasi

    "Im from ohio" "Oh."

  88. Daniel Kays
    Daniel Kays
    10 tundi tagasi

    Beans last night. Check methane levels.

  89. Killian Taylor
    Killian Taylor
    11 tundi tagasi

    The witty stew corroboratively nail because parentheses bacteriologically unlock a a few fierce author. milky, plastic whiskey

  90. Tomos Halsey
    Tomos Halsey
    11 tundi tagasi

    So we really need to light the candles because we are getting low on oxygen. *continues to interview*

  91. spyrmac
    spyrmac
    11 tundi tagasi

    i'd love to see a video about submarine communications. Radio and wireless in the water. You could make a video about that

  92. wolja
    wolja
    11 tundi tagasi

    A little over emphasis on breathing out CO2 at the beginning. Still 16% of exhaled air is O2 vs inhaled of 21%

  93. Yummy _
    Yummy _
    11 tundi tagasi

    Were running low on oxygen we gotta burn this candle Dustin: Oh hey can I interview you guys for a sec

  94. thoth tahuti
    thoth tahuti
    11 tundi tagasi

    As someone who has never served, I love that "politeness" is part of their training, they are just so friendly it's awesome ::)

  95. Rob Weakly
    Rob Weakly
    11 tundi tagasi

    I think the "preheating function" is just a heat exchanger with the output of the boiler stripper. Take the energy out of the lean MEA to better condense it and put in the rich MEA that you're about to boil. Save some time, save some energy loss.

  96. Jeremiah Moeller
    Jeremiah Moeller
    11 tundi tagasi

    liked for princess boopersnoot

  97. Dana R
    Dana R
    11 tundi tagasi

    You have such great energy. Love all you do!

  98. Star cab
    Star cab
    11 tundi tagasi

    Chlorine gas. "Carl that kills people."

  99. Babbseagle12
    Babbseagle12
    11 tundi tagasi

    As hvac mechanics we use a similar leak finder but much more handheld version

  100. Cherry Dragon
    Cherry Dragon
    11 tundi tagasi

    Now why don't people apply this type of technology to help climate change? If this works in enclosed area's, use it for factories, filters in vents etc....